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Oil Supply and Water Supply Books
Endorsed by Sioux Falls Scientists

Sioux Falls Scientists recommend the following books that describe the Oil Supply and the Water Supply.

Oil is a limited resource. The Earth isn't making any more of it, at least not at a rate that will do us any good for millions of years. So what will happen when the oil supply starts to dry up? Gas prices will start climbing and climbing and climbing. And that's a good thing because that will force us to develop alternatives to using oil for energy. The book $20 Per Gallon describes this scenario rather well.

Sioux Falls Scientists also recommend When the Rivers Run Dry. This is a much scarier book. Let's just imagine a major city losing its sanitary water supply for a week. In three days humans die without water. In less than a week, there would be riots and anarchy and tens of thousands would be dead. It would be almost impossible to truck in enough drinking water for millions of people. And when you brought it in, people would try to kill you for it. Not something we want to live through, and we might well not live through it. Global Warming could well initiate this really happening in America.

The books are all available from Amazon.com but you are free to obtain them from many other sources. Amazon offers them on their website along with many alternate sources, often less expensive. You are free to choose whatever source you please. The book links on the following pages point to the book location at Amazon.

Sioux Falls Scientists recommend the oil supply book and water supply book described on the following 2 pages. Also included is a link to TheOnlyGreenList website.

  • B-$20 Per Gallon: How the Inevitable Rise in the Price of Gasoline Will Change Our Lives for the Better
  • B-When the Rivers Run Dry: Water - The Defining Crisis of the Twenty-First Century

Link to TheOnlyGreenList website

5-3-18 Energy: Why oil is getting more expensive
“Donald Trump is not happy about the price of oil,” said Jordan Weissman in Slate.com. The president recently chided the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, suggesting the cartel was manipulating global oil supplies in order to drive up prices, which this week briefly topped $75 a barrel, the highest in more than three years. “Looks like OPEC is at it again,” Trump tweeted. “Oil prices are artificially Very High! No good and will not be accepted!” The cost of oil is up roughly 46 percent over last year, and with demand climbing, drivers have seen prices at the pump also soar to three-year highs. The last time oil was north of $70 a barrel, prices “were in the middle of a steep collapse,” said Stephanie Yang and Alison Sider in The Wall Street Journal. It was 2014, and the U.S. shale boom and the resumption of drilling in Libya had resulted in a global glut of crude, causing oil prices to crater, eventually to just $26 a barrel. For two years, OPEC countries responded by pumping frantically, hoping to drive U.S. shale operators out of business. But in 2016, they “reversed course” and enlisted other petrostates, such as Russia, to agree to major production cuts. Over time, the cartel successfully rolled back production by more than 1.5 million barrels a day, eliminating the global glut that had kept prices low.

5-26-17 Uncertain times in the oil industry
Uncertain times in the oil industry
“A great struggle is unfolding in the world oil market,” said Daniel Yergin. Oil producers are attempting to rebalance supply and demand, in order to push oil prices up from recent lows, and they are simultaneously streamlining their businesses to survive during an era of cheap oil. “That tension explains why the price keeps jumping toward $60 a barrel and then falling back near $40.” Oil prices started to collapse in 2014, when global supply began rapidly outstripping demand, largely thanks to the shale oil revolution in the U.S. By late 2016, low prices had caused many companies to either go bankrupt or slash exploration and production. That production decline eventually helped raise prices somewhat, though nowhere near the $100 a barrel highs we saw three years ago. At the same time, the decline in revenues has forced companies across the industry to become more efficient. New shale-oil wells are now profitable at $50 or even $40 a barrel, a price point that would have been unthinkable a few years ago. This efficiency is creating a new surge in U.S. drilling. By next year, “the U.S. is likely to hit the highest level of oil production in its entire history,” which will keep global prices low for years to come. The days of $100 a barrel oil now look like “an aberration that will not recur, absent an international crisis or a major disruption.”

12-15-16 Corpus Christi, Texas, residents warned to avoid tap water
Corpus Christi, Texas, residents warned to avoid tap water
Residents of a Texas city have been warned by officials not to drink or bathe in the tap water because of a chemical contamination. Wednesday's advisory applies to more than 300,000 people in Corpus Christi on the Gulf of Mexico coast. Boiling, freezing, filtering, adding chlorine or other disinfectants, or letting the water stand will not make the water safe, officials say. The contaminants have not yet been named, but are petroleum-based. "Only bottled water should be used for all drinking, beverage and food preparation (including baby formula and juice), making ice, brushing teeth, washing dishes or clothes, washing hands, and bathing until further notice," said a press release from the city. On Wednesday night long queues formed at grocery stores of shoppers stocking up on bottled water.

12-15-16 The quest to solve the world's deadly water problem
The quest to solve the world's deadly water problem
Like many of his middle-class neighbors in Mumbai, Bhakti Klein gets his water delivered to his home each week in a plastic bottle by the local grocery store. For 20 liters (just over five gallons), he pays 90 rupee, or $1.35 — nearly a third of the average Indian's daily income of $4.41. "We don't have a 24-hour water supply in my neighborhood yet, let alone potable water," says Klein, who is originally from the United States. "The entire water supply system would have to be improved before I would drink tap water." India is now the world's third largest market for bottled water. According to the research firm Canadean, the amount India spent each year on bottled water nearly tripled from 2010 to 2015, growing from $6.275 billion to $16.7 billion. That represents 6 percent of the world's current bottled water consumption, a figure that Canadean expects to grow to 10 percent by 2020. As massive as those figures sound, they pale in comparison to China's. From 2010-2015, according to research firm Euromonitor, China's annual consumption of bottled water rose from 19 billion liters to 37 billion. By 2013, China had overtaken the U.S. as the world's biggest market for bottled water by volume; in 2015, Chinese consumers spent more than $26.5 billion on this basic Earthly resource, and there is no sign of a slowing. Canadean predicts that China and India will consume about 45 billion liters more bottles of water in 2020 than they did in 2015.

9-17-16 Florida sinkhole causes huge waste water leak into aquifer
Florida sinkhole causes huge waste water leak into aquifer
About 980 million litres of contaminated water have leaked into Florida's main underground source of drinking water, state officials say. The leak occurred after a huge sinkhole opened up under a phosphate fertiliser plant near Tampa, damaging the stack where waste water was stored. The water contained phosphogypsum, a slightly radioactive by-product from the production of fertiliser. The phosphate company Mosaic said the leak posed no risk to the public. It added the contaminated water had not reached private supplies and the firm was recovering it using pumps. "Groundwater moves very slowly," senior Mosaic official David Jellerson was quoted as saying by the Associated Press news agency. However, Jacki Lopez, Florida director of the Center for Biological Diversity, told Reuters news agency: "It's hard to trust them when they say 'Don't worry,' when they've been keeping it secret for three weeks."

9-14-16 Our water is full of drugs and we don’t know their effects
Our water is full of drugs and we don’t know their effects
Water reuse means we are all consuming a cocktail of other people's leftover medicines, but measuring their impact is almost impossible. It's time we clean up our act. PICK up a glass, fill it from the tap and take a sip. You have just had a tiny dose of the pill your neighbour took days before. Excreted and flushed through our sewage works and waterways, drug molecules are all around us. A recent analysis of streams in the US detected an entire pharmacy: diabetic meds, muscle relaxants, opioids, antibiotics, antidepressants and more. Drugs have even been found in crops irrigated by treated waste water. The amounts that end up in your glass are minuscule, and won’t lay you low tomorrow. However, someone prescribed multiple drugs is more likely to experience side effects, and risks rise exponentially with each drug taken by a person over 65. So could tiny doses of dozens of drugs have an impact on your health? “We don’t know what it means if you have a lifelong uptake of drugs at very low concentrations,” says Klaus Kümmerer at the University of Lüneburg, Germany. “These drugs have been individually approved, but we haven’t studied what it means when they’re together in the same soup,” says Mae Wu at the National Resources Defense Council, a US advocacy group.

9-13-16 Why water war has broken out in India's Silicon Valley
Why water war has broken out in India's Silicon Valley
Violence has broken out in India's technology hub Bangalore in Karnataka state over a long-running dispute about water. Protesters are angry at a Supreme Court ruling ordering Karnataka to share water from the Cauvery river with neighbouring Tamil Nadu. TS Sudhir reports on the latest crisis.

9-12-16 Russia's Norilsk Nickel admits 'red river' responsibility
Russia's Norilsk Nickel admits 'red river' responsibility
The world's biggest nickel producer has admitted a spillage at one of its plants was responsible for a river in the Russian Arctic turning blood-red. Norilsk Nickel says that heavy rains on 5 September caused a "filtration dam" at its Nadezhda plant to overflow into the Daldykan river. However, it says there is no danger to people or wildlife. The company had flatly denied it was responsible when images of the red river near Norilsk emerged last week.(Webmaster's comment: No Danger? They are still lying! That's what all polluters do!)

9-9-16 Myth busted: dumped pills aren’t main source of drugs in sewage
Myth busted: dumped pills aren’t main source of drugs in sewage
Waste water tests show the pharmaceuticals they contain are mainly excreted, suggesting that more expensive treatment may be needed to deal with them. The next time you pick up a prescription, you might notice a message on the label exhorting you not to flush leftover pills down the toilet. This advice reflects the official belief in some countries, including that dumping medicines down the toilet is the number one source of pharmaceutical contamination in waste water. The trouble is, it’s not true. “We’re not sure where this urban myth came from,” says Patrick Phillips at the US Geological Survey (USGS) in Troy, New York. Phillips’s latest work, together with Christine Vatovec at the University of Vermont and colleagues, seems to well and truly bust the myth. It also reveals some surprising sewer epidemiology. Why is it important to know the provenance of pharmaceuticals in waste water? They, and the compounds that result from mixing them, are becoming “chemicals of concern” – and only 50 per cent gets filtered out by treatment plants. The other 50 per cent could potentially end up in your drinking water.

9-8-16 Red river near Arctic nickel plant examined by inspectors
Red river near Arctic nickel plant examined by inspectors
The defence ministry channel Zvezda TV shows the red river on its website. Russian environmental inspectors are trying to establish why a river near the Norilsk Nickel industrial complex in the Arctic has turned blood-red. Dramatic pictures of the discoloured Daldykan river have been posted widely on Russian media. The government daily Rossiiskaya Gazeta says a leaking slurry pipeline carrying waste copper-nickel concentrate could be to blame. Norilsk Nickel is the world's largest nickel and palladium producer. Its vast furnaces were built on the Taimyr Peninsula, in the Krasnoyarsk region of Siberia, in the Soviet era. The mining group has a production facility called Nadezhda by the Daldykan river. But company officials said they were not aware of any river pollution from the plant.

Oil Supply and Water Supply Books
Endorsed by Sioux Falls Scientists